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Zoning of land reclamation in coal mining area and new ...

2014-9-30 · Coal mining disturbed land is the main sources of land reclamation in China. With the rapid increase of economy and coal production, more and more land has been disturbed by construction and coal mining; thus, land reclamation has become highlights in the past 10 years, and China is boosting land reclamation in mining areas. Disturbance characteristics vary from …

Kenneth L. Leathers

Estimated costs of mined land reclamation averaged $3,500 per acre in 1976 for western coal regions, an average of 5 cents per ton of coal produced and less than 1 percent of mine-mouth coal prices. Improvements in reclamation practices as a result of 1977 Federal legislation, as well as inflation, will boost these costs. Earthmoving and

Mines and Minerals

2021-12-4 · Abandoned Mined Land Reclamation. The Abandoned Mined Lands and Water Reclamation Act (20 ILCS 1920) provides for the reclamation of lands and waters affected by coal mining which have been abandoned, and satisfies …

Is underground coal mining causing land degradation and ...

2020-2-11 · Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing, PR China. State Key Laboratory of Water Resources Protection and Utilization of Coal Mining, Beijing, PR China. Correspondence. Wu Xiao, Department of Land Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, PR China. Email: [email protected]

LAND DEGRADATION DUE TO MINING AND ITS …

2011-3-26 · Keywords- mining; land; stripping ratio; reclamation 1. INTRODUCTION Mining activity exerts a long lasting impact on landscape, eco-system and socio-cultural-economic considerations. It is noteworthy to mention that the actual land mass available to man kind is just 30% of total global surface area. India''s land area is about 2-3% of the ...

The Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund: Issues and ...

2020-2-24 · The Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund: Issues and Legislation in the 116th Congress Coal mining and production in the United States in the 20th century contributed to the nation meeting its energy requirements and left a legacy of unreclaimed lands. As amended, Title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) authorized ...

Guidelines for mines | Alberta.ca

2020-4-25 · The pace of land reclamation in the oil sands and coal mines is constrained by: the long-term nature of mining operations; technological and land-use challenges; the requirement for tailings storage; Operators must obtain a reclamation certificate from the AER once the land meets acceptable standards. For the reasons above, the process – from ...

Surface Mining and Reclamation | U.S. Department of the ...

2007-7-25 · STATEMENT OF EARL BANDY CHIEF, APPLICANT VIOLATOR SYSTEM OFFICE OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT (OSM) U. S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES "The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977: A 30th Anniversary Review" July 25, …

Wyoming Coal Bankruptcies: Who is Responsible for …

2020-2-6 · Coal reclamation is the recovery of mined land for use by other industries and the public, said Kyle Wendtland, a Department of Environmental Quality Land Quality Division administrator. As companies move their mining …

Reclamation | Alberta Energy Regulator

2021-12-3 · Imagine a 1900-hectare coal mine transforming into a picturesque wetland filled with lush trees, native grasses, and plenty of wildlife. This transformation over many years is known as "reclamation," and it''s not only possible, it''s required in Alberta. In short, when a company applies for an energy development project—regardless of the project''s size or kind—it must have a …

Reclamation Bonds

The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) provides that, as a prerequisite for obtaining a coal mining permit, an applicant must post a reclamation bond to ensure that the regulatory authority has sufficient funds to …

30 USC 1237

the acquired land, after restoration, reclamation, abatement, control, or prevention of the adverse effects of past coal mining practices, will serve recreation and historic purposes, conservation and reclamation purposes or provide open space benefits; and

Mineland Reclamation

Through reclamation, EC seeks to mitigate the effects of historic mining practices and improve the region''s environmental and economic health. EC''s Work. Since purchasing the Blue Coal property in 1994, EC has reclaimed over 2,000 the 4,000 acres that were identified as mine-scarred in the original Land Use Plan .

ARRI

The FRA is the science-based technique for reclaiming coal-mined land to forest while complying with the existing State and Federal mining laws. This advisory explains the 5 steps of the FRA. [December 2] Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 3 - Low Compaction Grading to Enhance Reforestation Success on Coal Surface Mines.

Abandoned Mine Lands Reclamation Programs

A state-funded abandoned mine land reclamation program for Ohio was realized with the establishment of the Unreclaimed Lands Fund in 1972. The fund is utilized to complete reclamation projects on public and private lands affected by surface mining prior to April 10, 1972. A state severance tax is imposed on active surface mine operators who ...

5 MONSTER (OR BEST) LAND RECLAMATION PROJECTS IN …

2020-6-23 · 1. Coal Mining Reclamation Project in Alberta Alberta is a province in Western Canada. Its landscape encompasses mountains, desert badlands, and vast coniferous forests.This green project uses municipal organic waste to help grow a willow crop on the reclaimed mining land. The willow is then used to create woody biomass that is in turn used to …

ia Energy

ia Coal Surface Mining Reclamation Regulations - (PDF) ia Administrative Code - Title 4 - Agency 25 - Chapter 130. Coal Mine Safety & Health. Laws . Code of ia - Title 45.2. Coal Mine Safety Act - (PDF) Code of ia - Title 45.2 - Chapter 14.2. Regulations. Board of Coal Mining Examiners Certification Requirements - (PDF)

Guidelines for mines | Alberta.ca

2010-3-1 · Received 18 July 2009; accepted 06 October 2009 *Corresponding author. Tel: 86 516 83885785 E-mail address: [email protected] doi: 10.1016/S1674-5264(09)60187-3 Environmental issues from coal mining and their solutions BIAN Zhengfu 1,*, INYANG Hilary I 2, DANIELS John L 2,3, OTTO Frank 4, STRUTHERS Sue 5 1 Institute of Land Resources, China University of …

Abandoned Mine Land Funding

Abandoned Mine Land Funding. Congress enacted the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) on Aug. 3, 1977. One of the primary purposes of SMCRA was to promote the reclamation of mined areas abandoned and left without adequate reclamation prior to Aug. 3, 1977, and which continue, in their unreclaimed condition, to substantially degrade the quality …

PERMITTING HANDBOOK

2018-9-25 · reclamation? The West ia Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act 22-3 and the West ia Surface Mining Reclamation Regulations 38CSR2 are available for you to read or print directly from the Internet. Additional laws and regulations associated to mining and reclamation can be referenced in the Important Links section of the Handbook.

Environmental issues from coal mining and their solutions ...

2010-3-1 · Received 18 July 2009; accepted 06 October 2009 *Corresponding author. Tel: 86 516 83885785 E-mail address: [email protected] doi: 10.1016/S1674-5264(09)60187-3 Environmental issues from coal mining and their solutions BIAN Zhengfu 1,*, INYANG Hilary I 2, DANIELS John L 2,3, OTTO Frank 4, STRUTHERS Sue 5 1 Institute of Land Resources, China University of …

Zoning of land reclamation in coal mining area and new ...

2017-8-27 · reclamation has become highlights in the past 10 years, and China is boosting land reclamation in mining areas. Distur-bance characteristics vary from region to region, according to natural and geological conditions, coal mining area land reclamation was divided into 3 zones, which are eastern, western and southern.

Environment

All coal mining and reclamation activities are regulated by The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA). SMCRA requires that all land disturbances be minimized during the mining process and encourages maximum coal recovery. The Federal Office of Surface Mining (OSM) has a regulatory oversight role in all the states where we operate ...